Full Form

What is the Full Form of CPU? CPU Full Form in Computer | CPU Full Form in Hindi

CPU Full Form

CPU full form in the computer is the central processing unit. It is also referred to as the brain of the computer. It executes computer instructions and programs and performs all basic arithmetic and logic operations. The processor is installed on the motherboard in a specific area known as the CPU socket. Traditionally, the term CPU refers to a processor which includes a control unit and an arithmetic logic unit.

CPUs have changed in form, design, and performance over time, but the primary way they work has remained unchanged. Modern processors are built on central circuit microprocessors with one or more processors housing on a single MOC or metal oxide semiconductor IC chip. However, a multi-core processor is a microprocessor chip that contains multiple processors. Individual physical processors, also known as processor cores, can be multithreaded to create additional virtual or logical processors.

The IC that contains the CPU may also contain memory, peripheral interfaces, and other computer components; Such integrated devices are also referred to as microcontrollers or systems on a chip. Moreover, large CPUs have combined processors that work in parallel, with no device considered central. Virtual processors are dynamically aggregated computing resources that are abstracted. The full form of CPU in English is the Central Processing Unit.

Different Components of CPUs:

Here are the three different components of CPU:

Arithmetical Logic Unit:

This is an essential part of the processor. It is responsible for performing all logical and arithmetic operations

Control Unit:

This is the most essential part of the processor. It instructs the entire computer system to perform a specific task


Registers are a particular type of storage media. They store data to be processed and data already processed by the processor.

Types of CPUs:

The division of CPUs is into three major categories:

  • Transistor CPUs
  • Small Scale Integration CPUs
  • Large Scale Integration CPUs

Internal Structure of the CPU:

A microprocessor or central processing unit consists of an IC or integrated circuit chip. The CPU consists of millions of IC chips housed in a single processor. And each of these integrated circuit chips comprises millions of nanocomponents called transistors. In addition, this is the main reason computers or processors only understand binary language or binary code representing 0’s and 1’s for off and on. The full form of CPU in a computer is Central Processing Unit.

History of CPU:

The concept of a programmable logic computer was already in the design of ENIAC by John William Mowgli and J. Presper Eckert. Still, it was initially left alone for faster completion. On June 30, 1945, before the founding of ENIAC, mathematician John von Neumann published a paper entitled First Draft Report on EDVAC.

This was the blueprint for a program in the storage of the computer to complete in August 1949. The design of EDVAC was to execute various types of instructions (or operations). In particular, programs written for EDVAC must be stored in high-speed computer memory. This overcomes the main limitation of ENIAC, namely the lengthy and tedious process of reconfiguring the computer to perform new tasks. Changing the program that the EDVAC runs uses the von Neumann design by simply swapping the contents of the memory. Moreover, on June 11, 1948, Manchester, a small experimental computer with stored programs, ran its first program. The Manchester Mark 1 ran its first program on the night of June 16/17, 1949.

CPU Full Form in Medical:

The CPU or Chest Pain Unit provides a system of care for patients with acute chest pain that can improve outcomes while reducing healthcare costs.  The Chest Pain Unit (CPU) is a new care system for patients with acute chest pain. Moreover, patients were under observation for up to 6 hours, with ECG monitoring and cardiac marker testing, followed by a treadmill test (ETT). In addition, a recent randomized single-center study found that CP treatment reduced hospital admissions, health care costs, and patient anxiety and depression while improving patient-reported health, quality of life, and satisfaction with care.

What is the Full Form of CPU in Hindi?

Full form of CPU in Hindi is वहीं सीपीयू कंप्यूटर का हिस्सा होता है, जो केवल एक प्रोसेसिंग यूनिट होता है, जो कंप्यूटर के लिए सबसे महत्वपूर्ण माना जाता है क्योंकि यह कैलकुलेशन, एक्‍शन और प्रोग्राम को रन करने का काम करता है | सीपीयू प्रमुख रूप से कंप्यूटर के RAM से इंस्ट्रक्शनल इनपुट प्राप्त  कर लेता हैं, लेकिन यह आउटपुट देने से पहले एक्‍शन को डीकोड और प्रोसेस करता है। यदि आप भी CPU FULL FORM IN HINDI और मतलब क्या है, इसकी पूरी जानकारी प्रदान की जा रही है |

सीपीयू का फुल फॉर्म “Central Processing Unit”  होता है | इसे हिंदी मेंसेंट्रल प्रोसेसिंग यूनिटकहा जाता है | इसके अलावातक पहुंचाने में मददगार साबित होताहै तथा यह सभी Basic अंकगणितीय (Arithmetical) और तार्किक (Logical) क्रियाओं को संचालित करता है।

How the CPU Works?

The job of each CPU is to execute the many types of instructions stored on each computer, called programs. So that the processor follows a specific preset cycle during the execution of each program. The execution of the CPU instruction cycle is sequentially, and the processing of each instruction is by the CPU, which consists of the following steps:

  • Reading an instruction from memory
  • Decoding the instruction
  • Finding the address of the operand
  • Retrieving an operand
  • Performing the desired operation
  • Finding the address of desired destination memory
  • storing the result into the destination memory

Some Interesting Facts About CPU:

Here are some of the interesting facts about the CPU:

  • Modern processors are so fast that Ghz is the unit to measure processor speed.
  • CPU or processor installed on the motherboard.
  • Intel, an American company, makes the majority of microprocessors.
  • Apple has its own M1 microprocessor for the first time in 2020 and was famous for its good speed.


What are the three types of CPU?

  • Single Core CPU
  • Dual-Core CPU
  • Quad-Core CPU

Which is the intel’s most powerful processor?

The 10th generation Intel Core i9 is Intel’s most modern and powerful processor.

 Some other famous full forms of CPU.

  • CPU- Cost Per Unit – in Business
  • CPU- Constructing Physics Understanding- in educational term
  • CPU- Central Policy Unit- in Governmental
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